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As in a war, millions might die, but these deaths would be justified by the end, as in the defeat of Hitler in World War II.To the ruling Marxists, the goal of a communist utopia was enough to justify all the deaths." In his book Red Holocaust, Steven Rosefielde argues that communism's internal contradictions "caused to be killed" approximately 60 million people and perhaps tens of millions more, and that this "Red Holocaust" – the peacetime mass killings and other related crimes against humanity perpetrated by Communist leaders such as Joseph Stalin, Kim Il Sung, Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh and Pol Pot—should be the centerpiece of any net assessment of communism.There are scholars who believe that government policies and mistakes in management contributed to these calamities, and, based on that conclusion combine all these deaths under the categories "mass killings", democide, politicide, "classicide", or loosely defined genocide.
Hertzke zooms in on the ideas of British Catholic writer and historian Paul Johnson and writes that [A] shift in intellectual mood has come from the critique of the perceived failures and blinders of the secular project.
The estimates of the number of non-combatants killed by these three regimes alone range from a low of 21 million to a high of 70 million.
Communist regimes "Communist regimes" refers to those countries who declared themselves to be socialist states under the Marxist-Leninist, Stalinist, or Maoist definition (in other words, "communist states") at some point in their history.
Klas-Göran Karlsson writes that "Ideologies are systems of ideas, which cannot commit crimes independently.
However, individuals, collectives and states that have defined themselves as communist have committed crimes in the name of communist ideology, or without naming communism as the direct source of motivation for their crimes." "Of all religions, secular and otherwise," Rummel positions Marxism as "by far the bloodiest – bloodier than the Catholic Inquisition, the various Catholic crusades, and the Thirty Years War between Catholics and Protestants.